At 3:42:53 on July 28th, 1976, China Hebei Tangshan Fengnan area 7.8 earthquake. The energy equivalent of 400 strong earthquakes produce atomic bombing of Hiroshima. Within 23 seconds, a hundred years was razed Tangshan, 242 769 people were killed and 164,851 people injured and …… back 40 years ago, the shock of grief, the light of humanity as a disaster ignition recourse for our home country carved memories for tamp responsibility and play the whole nation, to live each day the sun rises.
She has a long history, as early as 40,000 years ago human labor live, Luan River Valley is the birthplace of China's ancient civilization. 1300 years ago, Emperor Li Shimin Crusade Korea, select this in incurred, hence the name of Tangshan.
She, south Bohai Sea, north of Yanshan, adjacent to Beijing and Tianjin, with a total area of 13,472 square kilometers, the total population of the city before the 1976 earthquake has exceeded 1.5 million, Hebei Province, the center of the city and economic center of the region.
She, the cradle of China's modern industry, known as "Northern porcelain," he said. Before the earthquake, Tangshan industrial output value accounted for about one percent of the national industrial output value, is one of the top ten industrial cities in China. Here the birth of China's first mechanized coal mine, the first standard gauge railway, the first steam locomotive, the first bucket mechanism cement …… people here, but also because of the huge industrial civilization and live and work.
"No, I did not know what is." In fact, every time we are all lucky, because the front of any disaster are likely to add a "more" word. – Shi Tiesheng
July 28, 1976 morning, the weather hot like weird, labor day people finally give way and sleepy and fell asleep. Tangshan 3:00, it seems that everything is the same and the past, people Yelan silence ……
Yang Yufang, aged 66, former Tangshan Kaiping Chemical Workers. In his mind, the day before the Tangshan earthquake unusually warm. If all goes well, he will be blind in the next day and the girl's relatives. That night before falling asleep, he looked ahead at the future – perhaps the girl and also own it love at first sight.
Zhao Jinhua, aged 57, former timber company workers in Tangshan City. Before the earthquake, the most profound memories that he is carrying parents and grandmother, grandfather bedtime asked to smoke a cigarette. Between sleeping and waking, he heard the grandfather said something – "bad, fight it!" Followed, the house had fallen. And that cigarette is smoked his last cigarette grandfather.
High Zhihong, aged 65, retired nursing home worker Tangshan paraplegia. Before the earthquake Hebei Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Drawings graduates. She clearly remembers the day before the earthquake weather is particularly hot, ten p.m. sky is flushed red. She was even more impressed with the whole family because of his graduation and return excited. That night, she had a dream, dreamed of sitting in the train to be assigned work unit report. But, increasingly bumpy train ……
Yes, people are sleeping, utterly still. Suddenly, to light Shanshe, to roar, collapsed houses, to crack landslides. Within a few seconds, a hundred years of urban construction burned to ruins soil. Two hundred and forty thousand dead in the rubble of urban and rural residents, sixteen thousand people becomes a disability, more than seven thousand families must smoke off the door ……
"When we arrived in Tangshan, millions of people see this city, in addition to solitary several buildings, houses almost collapsed." A general led his troops rushed to the Tangshan disaster shocked, although he experienced and countless times witnessed the brutal scene.
"Live" in the days to Death, with the strongest force.
"Early morning nightmare" author / Li Runping
I was struggling to open the eyes of live blood paste, make every effort to Hanliaoliangsheng: "I'm alive!" Burst "call Long click" sound great to me from sleep pulled back, I suddenly opened my eyes, sat up instinctively, it was in that instant, thick beams with a heavy roof sped off, the middle part of the beam, banging sleeping in the dormitory in the middle of a long table participants the body, a surge of warm stuff splattered all over me. Beams of a banging on my hip bone. I fell into a very painful being dizziness.
I was struggling to open the eyes of live blood paste, find my head side has a ray of light, a few from the top of a huge triangular roof collapse gray sheet forming the bulk of a hole smaller than a fist. Through this ray of light, I saw my Yaokua hereinafter and indeed the ground beams buried debris gray top, and has lost consciousness, my left hand was clamped deck and rafters, did not move in. Head is a sharp fragments smashed the roof, although embedded in the scalp, but there is no feeling of pain.
At this time, I heard the distant noise of the near and walking sound. I make every effort to Hanliaoliangsheng: "I'm alive ……!"
Do not fall down, do not fall down …… I felt my right hand still conscious, is not smashed a heavy object, then carefully he lifted his arm, and slowly raised his hand along that wire overhead light gently to pull the hole. Brush dirt to fall down my arm, and threw in my face, in my eyes squint. I'm not immune, simply close your eyes. Silently prayed, larger hole, and then a big point, the top do not fall down, do not fall down ……
I'm not big move, but I have used all the strength in my hands, tearing reed fence, go dig soil and ash room piece. I felt something drop in my face, is Occult Blood, I have been frayed gray sheet rubble finger Occult Blood drops out. At first, I did not feel pain, and fully intend to dig the hole large, visible blood, immediately felt unbearable pain.
I seriously gave me a hand, except for the thumb of all four fingers broken, middle finger and index finger belly, already bloody, fingernails also mouth child, as long as a contact with another piece of gray, like the needle tie was the same. I want to stop but can not, dig the hole large, it is my only hope.
"He was alive, he's alive!" I held out my right hand was tightly grabbed a big hand, it seems like I let go will lose grabbed. Great, I seem to be able to hand into the hole. Could not be higher, I really want to pull down, and then pull down, pull open the soil, the gray sheet to pull open, so people can see my rescue, and I will be able to live! But I'm exhausted. At this point, I have been extremely difficult breathing, consciousness increasingly blurred, and finally I feel death is coming, when forced out of the right hand outside the cave, sharp ash and scratched my back, blood drop by drop passing in front of my face, slowly, I feel eyeful of color, in color among the lost self ……
"He was alive, he's alive!" A hoarse voice shouting in excitement, attracting more people. My dog outstretched right hand is a big strong hand grabbed tightly, let go as if I would lose like pulling. Gray sheet, rubble, soil in layers being clawed, I saw a piece of green: the seven or eight soldiers dressed in green military uniforms save me!!
Pressure beams still in my body, lower body still buried very tight, and they do not have the right tools on hand, with their shoulder, hand-dug, their faces dripping with sweat, Shenzhe bloody hands, struggling to Pa a. My left hand loose, loose my upper body, I can breathe smoothly.
I lay watching turn his face with blood and sweat to save my Nama "green." Live murmured: "Thank you, thank you!"
Four or five with rafters pry the beam, let me climb out, I also hard to climb, but the effort is futile, my lower limbs had lost consciousness, crotch less brain dominance no response! No way, they had to turn down to the pit, holding my head, lift my waist, I pull it out little by little, came a few young people are vaguely recognized SCHOOL students, as well as I do not know where people converge together, I was finally a concerted effort from the rubble dug out below the beam.
A thigh still dripping with the blood of participants consciously looked at his watch, said something softly:. "It is 10:20, he was buried more than six hours." I looked gratefully at those struggling to save my people , most of them from far away SCHOOL "yuegezhuang barracks." I lay, turn his face to see those with blood and sweat of the people to save my life. I clung to a PLA man's hand, he could not muttered: "! Thank you, thank you."
After the earthquake, more than 100,000 people's army starry night and hardships, risking his own life to save 1.64 million lives Tangshan. Tangshan feelings Liberation Army, has been deeply integrated into the blood, bone marrow immersion.
Each of the three survivors of the Tangshan earthquake, there is a survivor from the rubble, hundreds of thousands Tangshan new lease of life in the mutual aid.
Overnight, the entire 4200 Tangshan City have many children orphaned. They were part of the original unit dependents by their parents, placed in part by relatives or well-meaning people adopt. Many earthquake babies are eating one hundred milk grew up, called "shock students."
After the initial shock, people hold up yourself variety of shack. Later, with the help of troops from various quarters, it has built simple houses of nearly 2 million, after the Tangshan earthquake disaster to the warm winter.
"Stand up" in the years to rebuild their homes, with the firmest conviction.
Monument was built in the years after the earthquake, the four independent, against the sky concrete slabs form, like a giant hand toward the sky, a symbol of everything becomes possible. Four weeks monument column is eight granite relief, symbolizing the country's support in all directions, telling the people in the country support the Tangshan earthquake relief, reconstruction deeds. Here it is like Tangshan landmark.
Tangshan after the earthquake, the fastest restore production and life: less than a week after the earthquake, hundreds of thousands of the people food and clothing to be resolved; less than a month after the earthquake, the initial recovery, power supply, water supply, transportation, telecommunications and other lifeline engineering; earthquake after more than a year, the full restoration of industrial and agricultural production.
Almost simultaneously with the reform and opening up in 1979, a comprehensive reconstruction of Tangshan opened the curtain. Even though the country's economic strength is weak, the recovery is still building a new Tangshan invested more than 4.3 billion yuan. By 1986, the basic task of rebuilding is completed.
According to the "Tangshan" records, with the support of the State Council and Hebei Province, the People's Liberation Army Corps of Engineers infrastructure, railway corps and around the city of Hebei Province, and provincial subordinates construction companies, gradually came to support construction of Tangshan. From 1986 to the end after the earthquake, the total number of foreign aid Tang units up to 11 million people, the completion of housing construction area of 10.56 million square meters, accounting for 50.9% of Tangshan rehabilitation and construction completion of the area.
In 1990, Tangshan City is eligible to become China's first "UN Habitat Award" of the city, word of the United Nations Habitat award states that "the Tangshan city government is to award-winning huge scale construction after 1976 Tangshan earthquake and Outstanding Achievement this is an outstanding example of science and passion to solve the housing, infrastructure and service issues. "
Up to 7.28 m memorial wall, engraved Mimizaza earthquake 240 000 names of the victims. Gold letters on a black wall of up to 500 meters lined up, solemn and solemn.
Tangshan For many people, do not know the shock death of loved ones buried exactly where and exactly memorial wall bearing the grief, like a hint of comfort, comfort with the space-time treatment the other end of scars.
Foreign WHO experts have predicted that due to various reasons physical, psychological and therapeutic technology, Tangshan paraplegia wounded can survive up to 15 years. However, over the past 40 years, the Tangshan earthquake in 3817 paraplegia wounded 960 people still alive, than the time predicted to extend more than doubled.
"I asked myself, in addition to the legs can not move, does not lack anything more than others, I can not put myself broken, a little piece together again?!" One survivor said.
"I never dared to acknowledge reality and does not accept the reality, to face reality, to change reality, eventually became something of a people. Tangshan city stood up, I did not get on the ground, become a spiritual standing people. "it is the collective will of the survivors after the earthquake.
One evening before the fortieth anniversary of the earthquake, the children still in the chase under the monument, old people still sitting in the shade on the stone steps, dinner pastime people contacts without a break, the sunset hanging in the air, read the "Tangshan Earthquake Monument "stainless steel plaque beaten gold, early on in this city gradually brightly lit.
After the earthquake, the Western media once asserted, Tangshan on Earth will have been "erased." The Tangshan today, all annotated as written inscription: "After the robbery as the regeneration of the Phoenix, Fen wing of the fertile fields in the Jidong …… to comfort the shock death of loved ones, Commendation devoted martyrs, inspiring contemporary people, educate future generations."
"Tangshan is a city never get on the ground."